Posts filed under ‘war and peace’

Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red- Remember

Photo Rosie Hannon UK

Photo Rosie Hannon UK

Tower of London Poppies

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-29965477

Scarlet corn poppies (popaver rhoeas) grow naturally in conditions of disturbed earth throughout Western Europe. The destruction brought by the Napoleonic wars of the early 19th Century transformed bare land into fields of blood red poppies, growing around the bodies of the fallen soldiers.

In late 1914, the fields of Northern France and Flanders were once again ripped open as World War One raged through Europe’s heart. Once the conflict was over the poppy was one of the only plants to grow on the otherwise barren battlefields.http://www.bbc.co.uk/remembrance/how/poppy.shtml

For the past months a huge army of volunteers planted ceramic poppies around the Tower of London. Created by ceramic artist Paul Cummins, with setting by stage designer Tom Piper, 888,246 ceramic poppies progressively fill the Tower’s famous moat.

logo-tolr-medium
You may read more about the installation here

http://poppies.hrp.org.uk/

Every evening the “Last Post” was played. Americans have not embraced the poppy here in the USA. The poppy may not have been recognized with its significance but the “Last Post” has certainly made an impact and is played reverently throughout the nations. Armistice Day 11-11-11 was the thought of King George the V. Exactly a year after the guns of World War 1 fell silent 1919 he prounounced:
Geoge the 5th

I believe,’ he had announced, ‘that my people in every part of the Empire fervently wish to perpetuate the memory of the Great Deliverance, and those who laid down their lives to achieve it.

He suggested that ‘at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, there may be, for the brief space of two minutes, a complete suspension of all our normal activities’.

The parade ended with a bagpipe lament and the playing of the Last Post on a solo bugle. The use of the humble, functional bugle — rather than a cavalry call proclaimed with ceremonial splendour by state trumpeters — was a poignant, heartrending lament for the hundreds of thousands of ordinary husbands, sons and fathers for whom the nation grieved.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2824621/How-people-power-created-Remembrance-Day-millions-flock-Tower-poppies-remarkable-story-ordinary-Britons-won-right-honour-fallen.html

Royal Marine Playing The Last Post in Afghanistan MOD-
last post

During World War I the Last Post took on a new significance, with a bugler standing over every grave and playing the haunting melody at the start and end of each day

Although the origins of its haunting melody are unknown, the Last Post had been used since the beginning of the 18th century in Army camps to mark the ending of the day and the sealing of perimeter fences. In hostelries and brothels, it was sounded to alert Army personnel that they should return to their headquarters.

During the previous 50 years or so, however — and particularly during World War I — the tune had taken on a new significance. No longer just a military signal, it had become a powerful symbol for the ending of a life, rather than the literal close of a day.

During the Battle of the Somme, a tradition arose that the dead were buried at the beginning and end of each day. Morning and evening, a bugler would stand over every grave, playing the Last Post……….
………..That first Armistice Day commemoration in 1919 would complete the melody’s transformation from practical signal into the unique, almost sacred, symbol it has become for both army personnel and civilians today.
(Daily Mail)

On November the 11th here in the USA Veterans Posts and organizations will be honouring the fallen for all the wars, the Last Post will be played , eyes will fill with tears and honor will be given to those who have died and given young lives for us, including the young unknown soldier from World War One who wrote the poem before he went over the top ( of the trenches)into ” no mans land “.

over the op

and whose words now touch millions 100 years later:
Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red
By Anon – Unknown Soldier

The blood swept lands and seas of red,
Where angels dare to tread.
As I put my hand to reach,
As God cried a tear of pain as the angels fell,
Again and again.
As the tears of mine fell to the ground,
To sleep with the flowers of red,
As any be dead.
My children see and work through fields
of my own with corn and wheat,
Blessed by love so far from pain of my resting
Fields so far from my love.
It be time to put my hand up and end this pain
Of living hell, to see the people around me
Fall someone angel as the mist falls around,
And the rain so thick with black
thunder I hear
Over the clouds, to sleep forever and kiss
The flower of my people gone before time
To sleep and cry no more.
I put my hand up and see the land of red,
This is my time to go over,
I may not come back So sleep, kiss the boys for me.

.

November 9, 2014 at 4:59 pm 2 comments

General(ly) Gillmore- The Last Post – Lorain Part 12

Peggy  Gillmore- (Josephine Jean) Gillmore 4th Street, Lorain Ohio

Peggy Gillmore-
(Josephine Jean) Gillmore
4th Street, Lorain Ohio

I have wandered , these past weeks, through the lives of a family totally disconnected from my own- The Gillmores.

I have found them to be fascinating, courageous, strong of character, with a work ethic that would put most of us to shame. They are a family who were founders of at least two communities in this young country. They participated from the beginning of this country- through the Revolutionary War-, prospered, hauled a settlement out of a wilderness, fought for freedom, faced adversity with confidence, sailed the inland seas, built the ships and helped take America to the skies .

On my desk are faded newspaper clippings, tantalizing mentions of yet another Brigadier General WILLIAM EUGENE Gillmore- ( born in Lorain.) He was the son of Quartus J Gilmore ( brother to our General Quincy Gillmore) and the grandson of the original Quartus Gillmore . Another Brigadier General being honoured, mentioned in a fading letter. A letter asking Peggy to attend the ceremony at Wright Patterson Air Force Base-

wpat scanresrev

October 27th 1976 the ceremony to memorialize William E Gillmore by naming the building which houses the Air Force Logistics Command Headquarters “Gillmore Hall”

It seems this son of Lorain was heavily involved in the new “airservice” – the people he rubbed shoulders with are still remembered today.

Wright and Gillmore
The members of the Main Committee of NACA which met in Washington, D.C. on April 18, 1929. Shown from left to right: John F. Victory, Secretary; Dr. William F.Durand; Dr. Orville Wright; Dr. George K. Burgess; Brig. Gen. William E. Gillmore; Maj. Gen. James E. Fechet; Dr. Joesph S. Ames, Chairman; Rear Adm. David W. Taylor, USN (Ret.), Vice Chairman; Capt. Emory S. Land; Rear Adm. William A. Moffet; Dr. Samual W. Stratton; Dr. George W. Lewis, Director of Aeronautical Research; Dr. Charles F. Marvin. Dr. Charles G. Abbot was absent.
Source: http://launiusr.wordpress.com/2014/06/23/the-legacy-of-william-f-durand/

Brig. General  William Eugene Gillmore  1875-1948

Brig. General William Eugene Gillmore 1875-1948


at the forefront of aviation in this country – Aviation in the US Army- 1919-1939
air excercisresw
Writghtres
Gillmore planeres
( Gillmore far right )

I am afraid to open one more file folder of news clippings because I just keep finding more and more. The only place in Lorain you will find a plaque mentioning “The GILLMORES” -is a little plaque at Lake View Park for General Quincy A Gillmore – the chap who started it these posts when he arrived in my dining room. And even that plaque is incorrect – the birthdate of 1820 is incorrect- it is 1825
Gilmour Tablet
.
Nowhere else in this community is there mention of the Gillmores- not on any house/home or even in what is now known as Veterans Park http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2013/08/02/veterans-memorial-park-fini/ – given to the city by General Gillmore’s sister Sophia Gillmore Leslie. And yet, there were veterans aplenty in this family.

The importance of the Gillmores to a fledging nation, the pioneers of Lorain, the fact that the house on 4th street, the last of the Lorain Gillmore’s is all that is left of those 1,000 acres!
403 Oberlin (2)
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This charming home the last “testament” to a founding family who did more than pull a city from the wilderness, their drive and expertise have touched and guided a nation. Their worthiness embraced and memorialized in other communities, as with Thomas Wilford, http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2008/02/12/capt-wilford-a-hero-of-the-inland-seas/ The State of Michigan commemorates his life and story whilst Lorain?????- well just another rental up for sale.wilford collage
I cannot believe what little regard this community has for their very unique history. But what do you expect from the local Lorain community who remain ignorant of their “story”. Even the local historical society ( of whom Peggy was one of the original members) turns down a portrait “sight unseen” of a native son who gave so much to the birth of a nation including his part with freeing the slaves. Do THEY know “their history” one has to wonder?
gillmore  scan
I am tired of preaching to the choir on Lorain’s unique maritime and pioneer history. It seems most think the history started with the advent of steel , it didn’t.

Unless history has dollars and or “grants” attached it really doesn’t seem it is worthwhile in this city. The streets and homes where those that formed this nation walked and lived unmarked and unremarkable.
vethist

Could Lorain make money out of its heritage? Yes ! but first they have to know what it is and where to find it! For the most part Lorain’s tangible and tactile history is going down like the Titanic. Oh! you will find some archives, and memorabilia in the “museums” but along her streets where you can see the remnants of her early days- the homes of the “Captains Courageous”, of those nation builders, early pioneers, the movers and shakers are fading very fast.

Lorain historical home

Lorain historical home

Elyria Historical Home  http://www.lchs.org/

Elyria Historical Home
http://www.lchs.org/

Peggy Gillmore 2007

Peggy Gillmore 2007

Peggy , if you are somewhere close, I have tried my best to document and archive the Gillmore story. The links are there in the posts for those interested in finding more. I know I have just touched the surface and there is so much more .

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General Quincy Adams Gillmore’s portrait has looked at me these many weeks reminding me of my guilt that I didn’t do more when you were just a few houses away. I know you would be thrilled the home you so loved built in 1895 has, thanks to your out of state family, been reroofed, painted and landscaped. The house once more something of which a “Gillmore” and especially you would have been so proud, as is the neighborhood. I wish I could do more. Unfortunately , unless there is “money in it” Lorain doesn’t see the worthiness of her history. How much more do they need ? This city has a history of which “movies are made” . http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/category/the-leo/

I am sorry Peggy. I have tried my best but sometimes my best is not good enough. I have not the expertise to make a town “feel the passion” of its history but I promise I will make sure your files and photos , portrait and print finds a home worthy of your family, and a home where they will be cherished – not dismissed.

Gillmore House Today!
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General(ly) Gilmore

Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Part Ninehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-9/
Part 10http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/13/general-ly-gillmore-star-spangled-part-10/
Part Elevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/17/generally-gillmore-lincoln-lorain-ship-part-11/

October 23, 2014 at 1:53 pm 8 comments

General(ly) Gillmore- Lincoln- Lorain Ship- Part 11

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Part Ninehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-9/
Part 10http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/13/general-ly-gillmore-star-spangled-part-10/

I am coming to the end of this series on the Gillmores and in particular General Quincy A Gillmore. Not because there isn’t anything more to write about but because there is so much more. A book or a blog devoted to the Gillmores of Lorain and their contributions both locally , nationally and internationally – I believe is required. I have just skimmed the surface but hopefully managed to tweak at least some curiousity as to this man.
abe_lincoln
Of course General Gillmore during the Civil War had directives from higher up and the President at the time Abraham Lincoln was “his” Commander in Chief. There was bound to be correspondence:

TO GENERAL Q. A. GILLMORE.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, January 13, 1864.
MAJOR-GENERAL GILLMORE:

I understand an effort is being made by some worthy gentlemen to reconstruct a legal State government in Florida. Florida is in your Department, and it is not unlikely you may be there in person. I have given Mr. Hay a commission of major, and sent him to you, with some blank-books and other blanks, to aid in the reconstruction. He will explain as to the manner of using the blanks, and also my general views on the subject. It is desirable for all to co-operate, but if irreconcilable differences of opinion shall arise, you are master. I wish the thing done in the most speedy way, so that when done it be within the range of the late proclamation on the subject. The detail labor will, of course, have to be done by others; but I will be greatly obliged if you will give it such general supervision as you can find consistent with your more strictly military duties.
A. LINCOLN.

Letter courtesy  of Matt Weisman

Letter courtesy of Matt Weisman

http://archive.org/stream/lifeworks08lincuoft/lifeworks08lincuoft_djvu.txt

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2659?msg=welcome_stranger#link2H_4_0064

and other links to letters

http://www.nytimes.com/1863/09/03/news/shelling-charleston-gen-gillmore-s-reply-beauregard-s-protest-letter-spanish.html

http://www.battleofolustee.org/reports/gillmore3.htm

gillmore  scan
Gen Q. A Gillmore was held in high esteem apparently by the African – American Community due to the following reason I would imagine

http://www.civil-war-tribute.com/generate-bio-page.asp?bionum=oh-02281825-04071888-qg-1

slaves
slaves2

Courtesy of Quincy Gillmore Leslie the great great grandson of Daniel Seth Leslie and Sophia Gillmore (Leslie)

General Gillmore’s sister, Sophia, married a Civil War officer named Daniel Seth Leslie http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/OHLORAIN/1999-04/0924388051 ; Leslie was from the same area near Lorain, OH, as Gillmore. Three descendants of Daniel Seth Leslie were named in General Gillmore’s honor, i.e. “Quincy Gillmore Leslie”, his son “Quincy Charles Leslie” and his son, “Quincy Gilmore Leslie”. In light of General Gillmore’s association with African-American troops under his command, Daniel Leslie was assigned some responsibilities for African-American veterans after the Civil War. His name (Daniel Seth Leslie) is reported to appear on a monument to African-American troops in the Washington, DC area.

And speaking of monuments, although locally this home town General has a small plaque at Lakeview Park http://www.metroparks.cc/lakeview_park.php ( the old farm where he was born)
Gilmour Tablet there isn’t anything else .

I am pleased to say our General has more than that at the Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Cleveland – he has, according to Warren Doyle , to whom I spoke to this morning, a life-size bronze – Photos courtesy of Mr. Doyle and the Soldiers and Sailors Monument Cleveland

http://www.soldiersandsailors.com/

Gen1
bronze Gengen2

Although, recently deemed unworthy for inclusion in Lorain, the General’s portrait that resides in my dining room , this community did back in the day honor their General 1867- The schooner Gen. Q A Gillmore a wooden schooner was built on the Black River. – She had a varied history sinking the dock

http://www.maritimehistoryofthegreatlakes.ca/

Preparations are being made to raise the schr. GEN. GILMORE, which sunk at Engle’s lime-kilns, at Cleveland, Tuesday evening, and the prospects are that she will be got up all right.Buffalo Commercial Advertiser July 9, 1875 3-5
Workmen were busily engaged raising the sunken schr. GILMORE at Cleveland, Monday, and it was thought she would be sufficiently raised yesterday to get off the stone with which she is loaded. Buffalo Commercial Advertiser July 14, 1875 3-5

to be refloated and finally to become on of the Great Lakes Shipwrecks and sunk 1881, Jun (ca. 12th)Place of loss : Gull Isl. Reef, near Kelley’s Island

http://www.alcheminc.com/west.html

gillmore shipwreck
– No 49

If you click on the maritime history link above you will see their front page has the story of the great storm of 1913

http://www.1913storm.ca/

and yes! there is a connection to General Gillmore even there. You see there was another vessel named for the General the tugboat Q. A. Gillmore
tug gillmoreres Source

http://tugboatsonline.com

According to the website http://tugboatsonline.com/archives/Historic/historic_tugs_html/Gillmore.htm

During the “Great Storm” of 1913, the seven-month-old Gillmore was called out along with sister tug John M. Truby (still in service today as Great Lakes Towing’s North Dakota) to retrieve the barges Alexander Holley, W. LeBaron Jenney, and Sidney G. Thomas, which had broken loose from their moorings and run aground on the Cleveland lakefront. In 1921 the Gillmore was involved in the search for the wrecked wooden tug Cornell, which sank on Lake Erie enroute to Buffalo. No survivors were found, but the Gillmore’s crew did manage to recover an ice-encrusted lifeboat with the body of one fireman floating in the Lake.

Eight years later the Gillmore and Virginia were called out to assist the sidewheel passenger steamer City of Buffalo, which had lost power in a storm on Lake Erie. Difficult sea conditions prevented the tugs from getting a line onto the helpless steamer, and after an unsuccessful attempt to bring her into the shelter of Ashtabula harbor, the City of Buffalo rode out the storm at anchor in the lake, with the tugs standing by to render what assistance they could. The following day, the passengers and some crew were transferred to the steamer City of Erie, and the tugs escorted the City of Buffalo back to Cleveland. The crews of the Gillmore and Virginia received a commendation for their efforts and their devotion to duty.

Unfortunately during the depression she was sold and renamed the Reiss- however after a varied career ended up with a historical foundation in 2004 who was bringing her back and taking back the original name of Gillmore but the foundation went bust and the tugboat ?????. Well at one point ended up on E bay as well and here is a link to much conversation as to the “Gillmore/Reiss – the LAST Great Lakes Towing State-Class “G-Tug” left in the world
http://www.thesteamboatingforum.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=426
and a you tube

Did the Gillmore end up in Holland Michigan to be refurbished ? I will check further .

General Quincy Adams Gillmore – so much to this man’s story and the ‘family name .
After the war General Gillmore did return home from time to time. He bought the property ( the family farm) ( from the estate possibly , as his father died in 1869) the 1851 map shoes Q Gillmore owning the property but by 1874 it was in the hands of Q.A. Gillmore. and according to The Lorain County History the General planted “grape vines”

screen grab
(courtesy of Dan Brady)
Thanks to Paula Shorf and Matt Weisman ( from
Elyria Independent Democrat – August 7, 1867)

NEWS-OH-EL_IN_DE.1867_08_07_0003

Elyria Independent Democrat 1873
farm for sale

Thanks to Dan Brady, Matt Weisman, Renee Dore, Quincy Leslie and Warren Doyle for their help , research and information

To be continued – Part Twelve – the last post”

October 17, 2014 at 12:01 pm Leave a comment

General (ly) Gillmore- Star Spangled – Part 10

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Part Ninehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-9/

And still the portrait of the aging General sits in my dining room. He has become more than the portrait, as I have learned of his career. No wonder Peggy was so proud of his achievements and those of the men he chose to honor.

Gillmore Medal
Source:http://westcoastcwc.com/cgi-bin/display_Items_Ref.asp?Cat=18&Sub=63

On 28 October 1863, Major General Quincy A. Gillmore awarded these rare medals to men of his command for meritorious conduct during recent operations in South Carolina. Four hundred examples were struck by Ball, Black & Co. of New York, and have since become known as Gillmore Medals.

John Meins- Company C 144th NY - source www.horsesoldier.com  sold for $275.00

John Meins- Company C 144th NY – source
http://www.horsesoldier.com sold for $275.00


Soldier wearing the Gillmore Medal

Gillmore’s General Order No. 94 stated in part, that “Medals of honor for gallant and meritorious conduct during the operations before Charleston will be awarded by the commanding general to a number of the enlisted men of this command, not exceeding 3 per cent of the present aggregate strength of those regiments, companies, and detachments that have been in action or on duty in the batteries or trenches. http://westcoastcwc.com/cgi-bin/display_Items_Ref.asp?Cat=18&Sub=63

You can read more about the Gillmore Medals by googling them – they are apparently scarce and since “money” seems to drive the worthiness of history in this community – this son of Lorain’s medals go ( depending upon their condition from $500 dollars to $5,000)http://www.coinbooks.org/esylum_v16n28a24.html


But Lorain’s native son continued after the Civil War
writing books

GGbooks

and more. When next you visit Washington and the Washington Monument you might give a thought to Quincy and his contributions wasmonu
and as you walk along Pennsylvania Avenue
QAGWM
or perhaps in Brooklyn- his railroad experiences coming to the fore-

American Architect and Architecture Volume 23

American Architect and Architecture Volume 23

and his obituary found here – General Gillmore obit touches upon one or two of his accomplishments -

Quincy  O'Maher Gillmore

Quincy O’Maher Gillmore


I know there is much more to explore about the man in my dining room.

http://battleofolustee.org/reports/gillmore1.htm

As I read of his exploits, I found another coincidence that of one of his sons mentioned in the beginning of the series, when trying to track down the original donor of this portrait Quincy O’Maher Gillmore. I have surmised it was NOT he BUT he was also under the command of Colonel Caleb H Carlton at Fort Meade was there when this nations anthem was first recognized the honoring of the Star Spanlged Banner

Fort Meade

Fort Meade also has the distinction of being the birthplace of our national anthem. “The Star Spangled Banner” was first played on July 4, 1892, at the end of a concert presented by the regimental band. Colonel Caleb H. Carlton was the commanding officer who first enforced the playing of this song at retreat.

http://www.blm.gov/mt/st/en/fo/south_dakota_field/ft_meade/cavalry.html

QOGillmore fm
names Fort Mead
Quincy O’Maher Gillmore also ended up with military honors
obit
And in turn his son another Quincy Adams Gillmore also a General-

Quincy  A Gillmore  grandson of General Quincy  A Gillmore ( Civil War)

Quincy A Gillmore grandson of General Quincy A Gillmore ( Civil War)

https://apps.westpointaog.org/Memorials/Article/4251/ He graduated in 1904; was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Artillery Corps; joined the 11th Battery, Field Artillery, at Fort Hamilton, New York; and, the following November, married Frances West Hemsley of Philadelphia. Then followed service at Fort Adams, Rhode Island, Fort Riley and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1907, upon the division of the Artillery Corps into the Coast Artillery and Field Artillery, he was assigned to the Coast Artillery. He resigned from the Army on September 10, 1907, and entered the wool broker’s firm of Coffin and Sons of Philadelphia. After he became a partner, the firm was known as Coffin and Gillmore.

At the outbreak of the first World War, he re-entered the Army and, as a Colonel, commanded the 112th Field Artillery, 29th Division A.E.F. from 1917-1919 After the War, he became a Brigadier General in the New Jersey National Guard. In 1924 he was commissioned Major General and placed in command of the New Jersey National Guard and the 44th Division, the latter composed of New York, New Jersey and Delaware troops. Under his command, the Division reached a high state of efficiency: and it was said that this was partly due to his having appointed many West Point graduates to his staff. “

TO BE CONTINUED……………

October 13, 2014 at 6:16 pm Leave a comment

General(ly) Gillmore – The Civil War- Part 9

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Quincy A Gillmore was in the thick of things with the Battle of Fort Pulaski April 10th 1862

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Pulaski

Fort-Pulaski-Under-Fire-April-1862-Leslie-s-Weekly-Mod
Source :Leslie’s Weekly Magazine, “Fort Pulaski Under Fire”, April 1862 – http://www.nps.gov/fopu/parknews
1. Battle of Fort Pulaski April 10–11, 1862 Georgia
Union victory: Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
2. Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island) July 18, 1863 South Carolina
Confederate victory: second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts a regiment of African-Americans led (as required by regulation) by white commissioned officers. Gillmore had ordered that his forces be integrated and that African-Americans were not to be assigned menial tasks only, such as KP or latrine duty, but instead they were to carry arms into battle. They and their assault on Ft. Wagner were the subject of the 1989 Civil War movie Glory, which starred Morgan Freeman and Matthew Broderick.
Glory_ver1

Fort Wagner, which protected Morris Island, south of Charleston Harbor. The battle came one week after the First Battle of Fort Wagner.

On July 18, 1863, after the heavy land and sea bombardment subsided, Gillmore sent forward his Federal regiments. The assault was led by the 54th Massachusetts regiment; a Boston regiment filled with free African-Americans, and led by the Harvard educated Col. Robert Gould Shaw. The decision to have the 54th Massachusetts lead this dangerous attack was fraught with all sorts of political and military risk, but in the end it was Shaw’s men that led the attack up the narrow beach.

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/batterywagner/battery-wagner-history-articles/fortwagnerpohanka.html

gillmore  scan

The moment of trial for the 54th Massachusetts had come about through the appointment of a new Union commander, the then Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, who had taken charge of the Department of the South on June 11, 1863, replacing the querulous and unpopular Maj. Gen. David Hunter. Stocky and balding, the 38-year- old Gillmore had stood first in the West Point class of 1849, and had gone on to make a name for himself as a talented and intellectually inclined officer of engineers. His successful siege of Confederate Fort Pulaski early in the war had secured the water approaches to Savannah, Ga., and had won Gillmore wide acclaim. The victory had also fueled his considerable ambition.

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/batterywagner/battery-wagner-history-articles/fortwagnerpohanka.html

swamp angel
General Gillmore also famous for the “Swamp Angel” and the bombardment of Charleston- the politics of the day come into play:

Why (Gen.) Gillmore erected and used this battery has never been fully explained. In his official report, Gillmore states that the battery was built to drive shipping away from the city’s wharves, and at other times, the whole episode seems to take on the atmosphere of a giant experiment in engineering and artillery firing.

By existing rules of warfare, Charleston was a legitimate target. It was an armed camp. There were fortifications in the city. It was home to a number of munition plants, and its wharves served blockade runners who carried war supplies.

Southern Banner, Jul. 27, 1864 http://athnewspapers.galileo.usg.edu/athnewspapers-j2k/view?docId=bookreader/sbn/sbn1864/sbn1864-0117.mets.xml#page/1/mode/1up

Southern Banner newspaper
But the reasons ran even deeper. To Northerners, Charleston was the symbol of rebellion. It was there that South Carolina officials voted for secession and started the inevitable march toward war. The firing on Fort Sumter, which started the conflict, only increased the North’s belief that Charleston was a city of fire-eaters who deserved punishment. For most Northerners, Charleston’s destruction seemed just retribution.

General Gillmore 1863 Charleston Harbor

General Gillmore 1863 Charleston Harbor

The Northern military also wanted redemption. Their impotence during the 1861 Fort Sumter crisis had deeply wounded the pride of many officers. If they could reduce Charleston like the Romans had reduced Carthage, so much the better.

NOTE:There are fascinating accounts as to the thinking of the time and everyday running of the war – the exchanges between the opposing Generals at Charleston Gillmore (Union) and General Beaureguard ( Confederacy) - they not only exchanged gunfire but letters,

General Beaureguard

General Beaureguard


It gives on pause to think this was happening in the midst of carnage . The bombardment of Chalreston caused international furor

http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/text/waro0047.txt

Gillmore was well aware of these attitudes and shared them. He also had a personal motive for firing on the city. His well-laid-out plan had gone awry. He had seen his army shattered on the sands of Morris Island and his own physical condition reduced as the campaign sapped his confidence and energy. Revenge, for the blood of his soldiers, his countrymen, and himself, was also an important factor in his construction and use of the Swamp Angel

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/batterywagner/battery-wagner-history-articles/the-swamp-angel.html

Back home in Ohio , in what was “Charleston Village/ Black River Fanny Gillmore ( daughter of Alanson Gillmore ) later to marry Captain Thomas Wilford was receiving letters from those who were fighting and her brother Byron Gillmore makes mention of General Gillmore in his letters home fanny gilmore  wilford
http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2008/02/12/capt-wilford-a-hero-of-the-inland-seas/ was receiving letters from those young men locally who were fighting http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2011/04/13/civil-war-letters-fannie-gilmore-lorain/ and her brother Byron Gillmore makes mention of General Gillmore in his letters home. You can find the PDF file of some of the letters written from the Plain Dealer article of 1961 commemorating the 100th anniversary of the start of the Civil War Civil War Letters to a Young Lady, Fanny McQueen Gillmore, by F

Byron Gillmore Dec 12th 1862 Lexington Kentucky
… The report was that there was 20 thousand rebels up at Big Hill about 50 miles from here…. I hope it is so and they will come and attact for there has got to be some fighting done and we might as well do it now as any other time and then we could see whether General Gillmore would fight or not. It is my opinion that he would fight as long as there was a man left. He is not only brave but he understands his business about as well as the next one

October 9, 2014 at 5:12 pm Leave a comment

General (ly) Gillmore – Lorain- Civil War – Part 5

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/

Part Twohttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/

Part Three
http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/

Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Quartus Gillmore came with his father from Mass. to clear and work the 1,000 acres .

Quartus sons He had 4 sons and 4 daughters

Below is a photo of Quartus Gillmore and Elizabeth Reid. ( center) ( courtesy of Matt Weisman)-
Gillmore Family

The photo was purchased by Matt Weisman as a photo of Quartus and his family as stated with the text here :

Seller Notes: “Huge Vintage One Of A Kind Photo”
Original/Reprint: Original Print Photo Type: Huge Albumen
Listed By: Dealer or Reseller Subject: Quincy AdamsGilmore,Parents,Brother,AustrianKnight
Date of Creation: 1861 Region of Origin: US
Huge Old Photo The person seated at the lower right is Brigadier General Quincy Adams Gillmore (1825-1888). My guess is that the two people seated in the center front are Quartus Gillmore (1790-1869) and his wife Elizabeth Reid Gilmore (1797-1876)…..the parents of Brigadier General Quincy Adams Gillmore. My guess is that the person seated lower left is Cornelius Reid Gillmore (1841-1911)..the brother of Brigadier General Quincy Adams Gillmore. My guess is that the person standing furthest to the left is Ann Fitzgerald Gillmore (1840-1914) …the wife of Cornelius Reid Gillmore. —————– I believe that the photo album that this pic came from belonged to Cornelius Reid Gillmore. His is the pic in the album (not included) that is in the number 1 position. A pic in the number 3 position in the album is for certain Brigadier General Quincy Adams Gillmore. That pic is in a separate listing. Notice how the women behind Cornelius is close to him and has her hand on him as if she is his wife…an affectionate touching it really looks like…. Then notice how the women behind Quincy Adams is sort of further back and the hand is on him like she is feeling sorry for him in terms of Quincy losing his wife in 1861. I believe this pic was taken in the early to mid 1860s.Probably 1861. The Album which this photo came from included many cabinet photos of the people in this photo later in life. One of those cabinet photos was Quincy Adams Gillmore. Right smack in the middle of some of the other cabinet photos of people in this huge photo. Another Tell is look at the hair of Quartus and look at the hair around the ear of Quincy in the other listing of him as a Brigadier General. (if the other listing is up) The hair is sort of wavy around the ears of both of them.

**** ED. NOTE
This is, as stated, “guess work” by the seller- personally I have a reasonable doubt as to the person said to be General Gillmore is our General- however, I would love to have the people here confirmed as to their identity .

None the less General Quincy Adams Gillmore was the son of Quartus and Elizabeth and was born on the family farm – now known as Lakeview Park.

Matt Weisman

Matt Weisman

There are a great many stories and accounts of General Gillmore “some” of which can be found here

http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/quincy-gillmore.html

http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Quincy_Gillmore

http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA546281

http://www.battleofolustee.org/reports/gillmore1.htm

and Matt Weisman local historian, researcher has presentations available on the fame and life of General Quincy Adams Gillmore .
You can reach Matt and read about the presentation in the document link that follows:

Local History Presentations by Matthew Weisman

eriepoem
There is a lot more to Quincy Adams Gillmore- a young man who authored a poem at West Point in 1846 titled Erie ( now for sale on E-Bay for $6,500 dollars ) http://www.ebay.com/itm/Original-1846-West-Point-Cadet-Poem-Titled-Erie-by-Quincy-Adams-Gillmore-

But I want to go back to recent history – that of the gathering in my dining room- as we salivated like kids in a candy store over the artifacts from Peggy.

http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/04/28/history-mystery-lives-of-lorain-gillmore/

Of course there were the photos and history of the Gillmores and the pride they felt for their famous Civil War General. This was evidenced by an old print found tightly rolled in a cardboard tube –

COPY RIGHT 1890 STORMING OF FORT WAGNER – “CHARGE OF THE 54 MASS(COL) RGT JULY 18TH 1863- (UNION) GENERAL GILLMORE

Unfortunately, the whole print would not fit in my scanner but here is a jpg of the 1890 print .
gillmore  scan

http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/1341afdb-9ee3-4c39-819c-400444799327

The finding of this print sent us off on the little known “glory” of the General……….

https://sites.google.com/a/w-csd.org/civil-war/pop-culture/artwork/storming-fort-wagner

To be continued

September 23, 2014 at 12:05 pm 1 comment

Kinks- All In a Name- A Carta and Constitution- A Trojan Horse part four

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Part onehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/06/15/kink-s-in-fathers-day-best-of-british-pt-one/

Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/06/18/kinks-culture-shock-best-of-british-pt-2/

Part Three

http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/06/25/kinks-on-being-a-hyphenated-american-part-three/

It was very lonely here in Lorain, although I did meet friends through the Canadian Legion, one especially has been my friend for 40 years and has put up with me and supported me even in those early days. I have met some wonderful “hyphenated- American Lorainites and some who are the very dregs of their respective hyphenated culture .

So here I was at a loss – when I realized I did share something in common with Lorain- THE NAME -MY NAME (which was also spelled incorrectly Loraine as opposed to Lorraine, both named after the area in France.)

My focus then became Lorain and for decades I tried to promote Lorain ( my new home – the home and birthplace of my children) whilst trying to keep what was the best of being English and or British.

King John of England (right) and an English baron agreeing to Magna Carta King John of England (right) and an English baron agreeing to Magna Carta. A detail from the bronze doors of the U.S. Supreme Court building, Washington, D.C. Credit: Image courtesy of the U.S. Supreme Court.

King John of England (right) and an English baron agreeing to Magna Carta
King John of England (right) and an English baron agreeing to Magna Carta. A detail from the bronze doors of the U.S. Supreme Court building, Washington, D.C.
Credit: Image courtesy of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Mr Cameron recently pronounced the values of the British when dealing with the Trojan Horse Scandal and the 800 anniversary of the Magna Carta ( upon which the US Constitution is based) http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/magna-carta-cornerstone-us-constitution

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-27853591

Mr Cameron, British Prime Minister said “British values” included: “A belief in freedom, tolerance of others, accepting personal and social responsibility, respecting and upholding the rule of law.”

Birmingham Mail
Photo Sourcehttp://www.birminghammail.co.uk/

Unfortunately, England is now having to deal with a diversified culture and “hyphenation ” as to different values and the taking over of England by “immigrants” who have stamped their culture full square on their “new home country” – Very few have followed the creed “the when in Rome” and to assimilate into a very British way of life and using the “free to be me and let it be” values of England.

The Trojan Horse Scandal

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Trojan_Horse

Operation Trojan Horse was an organized attempt by Islamists to co-opt schools in England and run them according to their beliefs and ideals.[1][2][3] The name, based on the Ancient Greek legend, came from a leaked letter of questionable authenticity discovered in March 2014, alleged to be from Islamists in Birmingham, detailing how to wrest control of a school and speculating about expanding the scheme to other cities. Around a month later, Birmingham City Council said that it had received “hundreds” of allegations of school takeover plots, similar to those illustrated in the letter, some dating back over 20 years. Tahir Alam, the chairman of the Park View Educational Trust which runs six schools in Birmingham, was found to have written a 72-page document for the Muslim Council of Britain in 2007 detailing a blueprint for the “Islamisation” of secular state schools.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/10900955/Trojan-Horse-plot-driven-by-same-warped-Islamic-extremism-as-Boko-Harams-says-Tony-Blair.html

The alleged Islamic extremism seen in the ‘Trojan Horse’ scandal in schools in Birmingham is the same as that practised by Boko Haram, the Nigerian terrorist network,

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13809501

Tony Blair has said.
The Trojan Horse ‘plot’ to bring hardline practices into Birmingham classrooms is part of a global extremist movement stretching from Britain to Africa to the Far East, the former Prime Minister claimed.
Six Birmingham schools are in special measures after the education watchdog found they had fallen into the hands of bullying governors who had sought to narrow the curriculum and exclude non-Muslim pupils.

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-27766291

Look in the classrooms of the new “free” state-funded primary schools, for example, and you will find a higher proportion of pupils come from an Asian background (35%) than a white British heritage (32%)……………

Reading the EFA review, it appears almost that the Muslim ethos of a school is evidence of “extremism”. The loudspeakers which broadcast the call to prayer, the fact that 80% of girls were wearing white headscarves, the school fundraiser for Syria – even though these were not necessarily a cause for concern in themselves, they were listed under a heading that suggested the Park View Trust schools were not doing enough to promote community cohesion.

It is vital that we make this distinction between religion on the one hand, and political ideology on the other. Time and again, people equate the two,”

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2658033/Be-British-Cameron-tells-UK-Muslims-PM-issues-powerful-new-pledge-combat-extremism.html

Worrying to the British government is the number of ” British Muslims” who are now becoming “home grown terrorists”

A lethal new class of British jihadi: Second fanatic in ISIS recruitment video went to same Cardiff college as the first and once dreamed of becoming prime minister. Now he says: ‘Muslims who don’t join us will die a painful death’

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2664668/A-lethal-new-class-British-jihadi-Second-fanatic-ISIS-recruitment-video-went-Cardiff-school-dreamed-prime-minister-Now-says-Muslims-dont-join-die-painful-death.html#ixzz35fm4ZgZy

TO BE CONTINUED…..

June 28, 2014 at 1:11 pm 2 comments

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