General(ly) Gillmore- The Last Post – Lorain Part 12

Peggy  Gillmore- (Josephine Jean) Gillmore 4th Street, Lorain Ohio

Peggy Gillmore-
(Josephine Jean) Gillmore
4th Street, Lorain Ohio

I have wandered , these past weeks, through the lives of a family totally disconnected from my own- The Gillmores.

I have found them to be fascinating, courageous, strong of character, with a work ethic that would put most of us to shame. They are a family who were founders of at least two communities in this young country. They participated from the beginning of this country- through the Revolutionary War-, prospered, hauled a settlement out of a wilderness, fought for freedom, faced adversity with confidence, sailed the inland seas, built the ships and helped take America to the skies .

On my desk are faded newspaper clippings, tantalizing mentions of yet another Brigadier General WILLIAM EUGENE Gillmore- ( born in Lorain.) He was the son of Quartus J Gilmore ( brother to our General Quincy Gillmore) and the grandson of the original Quartus Gillmore . Another Brigadier General being honoured, mentioned in a fading letter. A letter asking Peggy to attend the ceremony at Wright Patterson Air Force Base-

wpat scanresrev

October 27th 1976 the ceremony to memorialize William E Gillmore by naming the building which houses the Air Force Logistics Command Headquarters “Gillmore Hall”

It seems this son of Lorain was heavily involved in the new “airservice” – the people he rubbed shoulders with are still remembered today.

Wright and Gillmore
The members of the Main Committee of NACA which met in Washington, D.C. on April 18, 1929. Shown from left to right: John F. Victory, Secretary; Dr. William F.Durand; Dr. Orville Wright; Dr. George K. Burgess; Brig. Gen. William E. Gillmore; Maj. Gen. James E. Fechet; Dr. Joesph S. Ames, Chairman; Rear Adm. David W. Taylor, USN (Ret.), Vice Chairman; Capt. Emory S. Land; Rear Adm. William A. Moffet; Dr. Samual W. Stratton; Dr. George W. Lewis, Director of Aeronautical Research; Dr. Charles F. Marvin. Dr. Charles G. Abbot was absent.
Source: http://launiusr.wordpress.com/2014/06/23/the-legacy-of-william-f-durand/

Brig. General  William Eugene Gillmore  1875-1948

Brig. General William Eugene Gillmore 1875-1948


at the forefront of aviation in this country – Aviation in the US Army- 1919-1939
air excercisresw
Writghtres
Gillmore planeres
( Gillmore far right )

I am afraid to open one more file folder of news clippings because I just keep finding more and more. The only place in Lorain you will find a plaque mentioning “The GILLMORES” -is a little plaque at Lake View Park for General Quincy A Gillmore – the chap who started it these posts when he arrived in my dining room. And even that plaque is incorrect – the birthdate of 1820 is incorrect- it is 1825
Gilmour Tablet
.
Nowhere else in this community is there mention of the Gillmores- not on any house/home or even in what is now known as Veterans Park http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2013/08/02/veterans-memorial-park-fini/ – given to the city by General Gillmore’s sister Sophia Gillmore Leslie. And yet, there were veterans aplenty in this family.

The importance of the Gillmores to a fledging nation, the pioneers of Lorain, the fact that the house on 4th street, the last of the Lorain Gillmore’s is all that is left of those 1,000 acres!
403 Oberlin (2)
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This charming home the last “testament” to a founding family who did more than pull a city from the wilderness, their drive and expertise have touched and guided a nation. Their worthiness embraced and memorialized in other communities, as with Thomas Wilford, http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2008/02/12/capt-wilford-a-hero-of-the-inland-seas/ The State of Michigan commemorates his life and story whilst Lorain?????- well just another rental up for sale.wilford collage
I cannot believe what little regard this community has for their very unique history. But what do you expect from the local Lorain community who remain ignorant of their “story”. Even the local historical society ( of whom Peggy was one of the original members) turns down a portrait “sight unseen” of a native son who gave so much to the birth of a nation including his part with freeing the slaves. Do THEY know “their history” one has to wonder?
gillmore  scan
I am tired of preaching to the choir on Lorain’s unique maritime and pioneer history. It seems most think the history started with the advent of steel , it didn’t.

Unless history has dollars and or “grants” attached it really doesn’t seem it is worthwhile in this city. The streets and homes where those that formed this nation walked and lived unmarked and unremarkable.
vethist

Could Lorain make money out of its heritage? Yes ! but first they have to know what it is and where to find it! For the most part Lorain’s tangible and tactile history is going down like the Titanic. Oh! you will find some archives, and memorabilia in the “museums” but along her streets where you can see the remnants of her early days- the homes of the “Captains Courageous”, of those nation builders, early pioneers, the movers and shakers are fading very fast.

Lorain historical home

Lorain historical home

Elyria Historical Home  http://www.lchs.org/

Elyria Historical Home
http://www.lchs.org/

Peggy Gillmore 2007

Peggy Gillmore 2007

Peggy , if you are somewhere close, I have tried my best to document and archive the Gillmore story. The links are there in the posts for those interested in finding more. I know I have just touched the surface and there is so much more .

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General Quincy Adams Gillmore’s portrait has looked at me these many weeks reminding me of my guilt that I didn’t do more when you were just a few houses away. I know you would be thrilled the home you so loved built in 1895 has, thanks to your out of state family, been reroofed, painted and landscaped. The house once more something of which a “Gillmore” and especially you would have been so proud, as is the neighborhood. I wish I could do more. Unfortunately , unless there is “money in it” Lorain doesn’t see the worthiness of her history. How much more do they need ? This city has a history of which “movies are made” . http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/category/the-leo/

I am sorry Peggy. I have tried my best but sometimes my best is not good enough. I have not the expertise to make a town “feel the passion” of its history but I promise I will make sure your files and photos , portrait and print finds a home worthy of your family, and a home where they will be cherished – not dismissed.

Gillmore House Today!
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General(ly) Gilmore

Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Part Ninehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-9/
Part 10http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/13/general-ly-gillmore-star-spangled-part-10/
Part Elevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/17/generally-gillmore-lincoln-lorain-ship-part-11/

October 23, 2014 at 1:53 pm 6 comments

General(ly) Gillmore- Lincoln- Lorain Ship- Part 11

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Part Ninehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-9/
Part 10http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/13/general-ly-gillmore-star-spangled-part-10/

I am coming to the end of this series on the Gillmores and in particular General Quincy A Gillmore. Not because there isn’t anything more to write about but because there is so much more. A book or a blog devoted to the Gillmores of Lorain and their contributions both locally , nationally and internationally – I believe is required. I have just skimmed the surface but hopefully managed to tweak at least some curiousity as to this man.
abe_lincoln
Of course General Gillmore during the Civil War had directives from higher up and the President at the time Abraham Lincoln was “his” Commander in Chief. There was bound to be correspondence:

TO GENERAL Q. A. GILLMORE.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, January 13, 1864.
MAJOR-GENERAL GILLMORE:

I understand an effort is being made by some worthy gentlemen to reconstruct a legal State government in Florida. Florida is in your Department, and it is not unlikely you may be there in person. I have given Mr. Hay a commission of major, and sent him to you, with some blank-books and other blanks, to aid in the reconstruction. He will explain as to the manner of using the blanks, and also my general views on the subject. It is desirable for all to co-operate, but if irreconcilable differences of opinion shall arise, you are master. I wish the thing done in the most speedy way, so that when done it be within the range of the late proclamation on the subject. The detail labor will, of course, have to be done by others; but I will be greatly obliged if you will give it such general supervision as you can find consistent with your more strictly military duties.
A. LINCOLN.

Letter courtesy  of Matt Weisman

Letter courtesy of Matt Weisman

http://archive.org/stream/lifeworks08lincuoft/lifeworks08lincuoft_djvu.txt

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2659?msg=welcome_stranger#link2H_4_0064

and other links to letters

http://www.nytimes.com/1863/09/03/news/shelling-charleston-gen-gillmore-s-reply-beauregard-s-protest-letter-spanish.html

http://www.battleofolustee.org/reports/gillmore3.htm

gillmore  scan
Gen Q. A Gillmore was held in high esteem apparently by the African – American Community due to the following reason I would imagine

http://www.civil-war-tribute.com/generate-bio-page.asp?bionum=oh-02281825-04071888-qg-1

slaves
slaves2

Courtesy of Quincy Gillmore Leslie the great great grandson of Daniel Seth Leslie and Sophia Gillmore (Leslie)

General Gillmore’s sister, Sophia, married a Civil War officer named Daniel Seth Leslie http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/OHLORAIN/1999-04/0924388051 ; Leslie was from the same area near Lorain, OH, as Gillmore. Three descendants of Daniel Seth Leslie were named in General Gillmore’s honor, i.e. “Quincy Gillmore Leslie”, his son “Quincy Charles Leslie” and his son, “Quincy Gilmore Leslie”. In light of General Gillmore’s association with African-American troops under his command, Daniel Leslie was assigned some responsibilities for African-American veterans after the Civil War. His name (Daniel Seth Leslie) is reported to appear on a monument to African-American troops in the Washington, DC area.

And speaking of monuments, although locally this home town General has a small plaque at Lakeview Park http://www.metroparks.cc/lakeview_park.php ( the old farm where he was born)
Gilmour Tablet there isn’t anything else .

I am pleased to say our General has more than that at the Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Cleveland – he has, according to Warren Doyle , to whom I spoke to this morning, a life-size bronze – Photos courtesy of Mr. Doyle and the Soldiers and Sailors Monument Cleveland

http://www.soldiersandsailors.com/

Gen1
bronze Gengen2

Although, recently deemed unworthy for inclusion in Lorain, the General’s portrait that resides in my dining room , this community did back in the day honor their General 1867- The schooner Gen. Q A Gillmore a wooden schooner was built on the Black River. – She had a varied history sinking the dock

http://www.maritimehistoryofthegreatlakes.ca/

Preparations are being made to raise the schr. GEN. GILMORE, which sunk at Engle’s lime-kilns, at Cleveland, Tuesday evening, and the prospects are that she will be got up all right.Buffalo Commercial Advertiser July 9, 1875 3-5
Workmen were busily engaged raising the sunken schr. GILMORE at Cleveland, Monday, and it was thought she would be sufficiently raised yesterday to get off the stone with which she is loaded. Buffalo Commercial Advertiser July 14, 1875 3-5

to be refloated and finally to become on of the Great Lakes Shipwrecks and sunk 1881, Jun (ca. 12th)Place of loss : Gull Isl. Reef, near Kelley’s Island

http://www.alcheminc.com/west.html

gillmore shipwreck
– No 49

If you click on the maritime history link above you will see their front page has the story of the great storm of 1913

http://www.1913storm.ca/

and yes! there is a connection to General Gillmore even there. You see there was another vessel named for the General the tugboat Q. A. Gillmore
tug gillmoreres Source

http://tugboatsonline.com

According to the website http://tugboatsonline.com/archives/Historic/historic_tugs_html/Gillmore.htm

During the “Great Storm” of 1913, the seven-month-old Gillmore was called out along with sister tug John M. Truby (still in service today as Great Lakes Towing’s North Dakota) to retrieve the barges Alexander Holley, W. LeBaron Jenney, and Sidney G. Thomas, which had broken loose from their moorings and run aground on the Cleveland lakefront. In 1921 the Gillmore was involved in the search for the wrecked wooden tug Cornell, which sank on Lake Erie enroute to Buffalo. No survivors were found, but the Gillmore’s crew did manage to recover an ice-encrusted lifeboat with the body of one fireman floating in the Lake.

Eight years later the Gillmore and Virginia were called out to assist the sidewheel passenger steamer City of Buffalo, which had lost power in a storm on Lake Erie. Difficult sea conditions prevented the tugs from getting a line onto the helpless steamer, and after an unsuccessful attempt to bring her into the shelter of Ashtabula harbor, the City of Buffalo rode out the storm at anchor in the lake, with the tugs standing by to render what assistance they could. The following day, the passengers and some crew were transferred to the steamer City of Erie, and the tugs escorted the City of Buffalo back to Cleveland. The crews of the Gillmore and Virginia received a commendation for their efforts and their devotion to duty.

Unfortunately during the depression she was sold and renamed the Reiss- however after a varied career ended up with a historical foundation in 2004 who was bringing her back and taking back the original name of Gillmore but the foundation went bust and the tugboat ?????. Well at one point ended up on E bay as well and here is a link to much conversation as to the “Gillmore/Reiss – the LAST Great Lakes Towing State-Class “G-Tug” left in the world
http://www.thesteamboatingforum.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=426
and a you tube

Did the Gillmore end up in Holland Michigan to be refurbished ? I will check further .

General Quincy Adams Gillmore – so much to this man’s story and the ‘family name .
After the war General Gillmore did return home from time to time. He bought the property ( the family farm) ( from the estate possibly , as his father died in 1869) the 1851 map shoes Q Gillmore owning the property but by 1874 it was in the hands of Q.A. Gillmore. and according to The Lorain County History the General planted “grape vines”

screen grab
(courtesy of Dan Brady)
Thanks to Paula Shorf and Matt Weisman ( from
Elyria Independent Democrat – August 7, 1867)

NEWS-OH-EL_IN_DE.1867_08_07_0003
Thanks to Dan Brady, Matt Weisman, Renee Dore, Quincy Leslie and Warren Doyle for their help , research and information

To be continued – Part Twelve – the last post”

October 17, 2014 at 12:01 pm Leave a comment

General (ly) Gillmore- Star Spangled – Part 10

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Part Ninehttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-9/

And still the portrait of the aging General sits in my dining room. He has become more than the portrait, as I have learned of his career. No wonder Peggy was so proud of his achievements and those of the men he chose to honor.

Gillmore Medal
Source:http://westcoastcwc.com/cgi-bin/display_Items_Ref.asp?Cat=18&Sub=63

On 28 October 1863, Major General Quincy A. Gillmore awarded these rare medals to men of his command for meritorious conduct during recent operations in South Carolina. Four hundred examples were struck by Ball, Black & Co. of New York, and have since become known as Gillmore Medals.

John Meins- Company C 144th NY - source www.horsesoldier.com  sold for $275.00

John Meins- Company C 144th NY – source
http://www.horsesoldier.com sold for $275.00


Soldier wearing the Gillmore Medal

Gillmore’s General Order No. 94 stated in part, that “Medals of honor for gallant and meritorious conduct during the operations before Charleston will be awarded by the commanding general to a number of the enlisted men of this command, not exceeding 3 per cent of the present aggregate strength of those regiments, companies, and detachments that have been in action or on duty in the batteries or trenches. http://westcoastcwc.com/cgi-bin/display_Items_Ref.asp?Cat=18&Sub=63

You can read more about the Gillmore Medals by googling them – they are apparently scarce and since “money” seems to drive the worthiness of history in this community – this son of Lorain’s medals go ( depending upon their condition from $500 dollars to $5,000)http://www.coinbooks.org/esylum_v16n28a24.html


But Lorain’s native son continued after the Civil War
writing books

GGbooks

and more. When next you visit Washington and the Washington Monument you might give a thought to Quincy and his contributions wasmonu
and as you walk along Pennsylvania Avenue
QAGWM
or perhaps in Brooklyn- his railroad experiences coming to the fore-

American Architect and Architecture Volume 23

American Architect and Architecture Volume 23

and his obituary found here – General Gillmore obit touches upon one or two of his accomplishments -

Quincy  O'Maher Gillmore

Quincy O’Maher Gillmore


I know there is much more to explore about the man in my dining room.

http://battleofolustee.org/reports/gillmore1.htm

As I read of his exploits, I found another coincidence that of one of his sons mentioned in the beginning of the series, when trying to track down the original donor of this portrait Quincy O’Maher Gillmore. I have surmised it was NOT he BUT he was also under the command of Colonel Caleb H Carlton at Fort Meade was there when this nations anthem was first recognized the honoring of the Star Spanlged Banner

Fort Meade

Fort Meade also has the distinction of being the birthplace of our national anthem. “The Star Spangled Banner” was first played on July 4, 1892, at the end of a concert presented by the regimental band. Colonel Caleb H. Carlton was the commanding officer who first enforced the playing of this song at retreat.

http://www.blm.gov/mt/st/en/fo/south_dakota_field/ft_meade/cavalry.html

QOGillmore fm
names Fort Mead
Quincy O’Maher Gillmore also ended up with military honors
obit
And in turn his son another Quincy Adams Gillmore also a General-

Quincy  A Gillmore  grandson of General Quincy  A Gillmore ( Civil War)

Quincy A Gillmore grandson of General Quincy A Gillmore ( Civil War)

https://apps.westpointaog.org/Memorials/Article/4251/ He graduated in 1904; was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Artillery Corps; joined the 11th Battery, Field Artillery, at Fort Hamilton, New York; and, the following November, married Frances West Hemsley of Philadelphia. Then followed service at Fort Adams, Rhode Island, Fort Riley and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1907, upon the division of the Artillery Corps into the Coast Artillery and Field Artillery, he was assigned to the Coast Artillery. He resigned from the Army on September 10, 1907, and entered the wool broker’s firm of Coffin and Sons of Philadelphia. After he became a partner, the firm was known as Coffin and Gillmore.

At the outbreak of the first World War, he re-entered the Army and, as a Colonel, commanded the 112th Field Artillery, 29th Division A.E.F. from 1917-1919 After the War, he became a Brigadier General in the New Jersey National Guard. In 1924 he was commissioned Major General and placed in command of the New Jersey National Guard and the 44th Division, the latter composed of New York, New Jersey and Delaware troops. Under his command, the Division reached a high state of efficiency: and it was said that this was partly due to his having appointed many West Point graduates to his staff. “

TO BE CONTINUED……………

October 13, 2014 at 6:16 pm Leave a comment

General(ly) Gillmore – The Civil War- Part 9

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/
Part Eighthttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/10/06/generally-gillmore-the-civil-war-part-8/
Quincy A Gillmore was in the thick of things with the Battle of Fort Pulaski April 10th 1862

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Pulaski

Fort-Pulaski-Under-Fire-April-1862-Leslie-s-Weekly-Mod
Source :Leslie’s Weekly Magazine, “Fort Pulaski Under Fire”, April 1862 – http://www.nps.gov/fopu/parknews
1. Battle of Fort Pulaski April 10–11, 1862 Georgia
Union victory: Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
2. Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island) July 18, 1863 South Carolina
Confederate victory: second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts a regiment of African-Americans led (as required by regulation) by white commissioned officers. Gillmore had ordered that his forces be integrated and that African-Americans were not to be assigned menial tasks only, such as KP or latrine duty, but instead they were to carry arms into battle. They and their assault on Ft. Wagner were the subject of the 1989 Civil War movie Glory, which starred Morgan Freeman and Matthew Broderick.
Glory_ver1

Fort Wagner, which protected Morris Island, south of Charleston Harbor. The battle came one week after the First Battle of Fort Wagner.

On July 18, 1863, after the heavy land and sea bombardment subsided, Gillmore sent forward his Federal regiments. The assault was led by the 54th Massachusetts regiment; a Boston regiment filled with free African-Americans, and led by the Harvard educated Col. Robert Gould Shaw. The decision to have the 54th Massachusetts lead this dangerous attack was fraught with all sorts of political and military risk, but in the end it was Shaw’s men that led the attack up the narrow beach.

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/batterywagner/battery-wagner-history-articles/fortwagnerpohanka.html

gillmore  scan

The moment of trial for the 54th Massachusetts had come about through the appointment of a new Union commander, the then Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, who had taken charge of the Department of the South on June 11, 1863, replacing the querulous and unpopular Maj. Gen. David Hunter. Stocky and balding, the 38-year- old Gillmore had stood first in the West Point class of 1849, and had gone on to make a name for himself as a talented and intellectually inclined officer of engineers. His successful siege of Confederate Fort Pulaski early in the war had secured the water approaches to Savannah, Ga., and had won Gillmore wide acclaim. The victory had also fueled his considerable ambition.

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/batterywagner/battery-wagner-history-articles/fortwagnerpohanka.html

swamp angel
General Gillmore also famous for the “Swamp Angel” and the bombardment of Charleston- the politics of the day come into play:

Why (Gen.) Gillmore erected and used this battery has never been fully explained. In his official report, Gillmore states that the battery was built to drive shipping away from the city’s wharves, and at other times, the whole episode seems to take on the atmosphere of a giant experiment in engineering and artillery firing.

By existing rules of warfare, Charleston was a legitimate target. It was an armed camp. There were fortifications in the city. It was home to a number of munition plants, and its wharves served blockade runners who carried war supplies.

Southern Banner, Jul. 27, 1864 http://athnewspapers.galileo.usg.edu/athnewspapers-j2k/view?docId=bookreader/sbn/sbn1864/sbn1864-0117.mets.xml#page/1/mode/1up

Southern Banner newspaper
But the reasons ran even deeper. To Northerners, Charleston was the symbol of rebellion. It was there that South Carolina officials voted for secession and started the inevitable march toward war. The firing on Fort Sumter, which started the conflict, only increased the North’s belief that Charleston was a city of fire-eaters who deserved punishment. For most Northerners, Charleston’s destruction seemed just retribution.

General Gillmore 1863 Charleston Harbor

General Gillmore 1863 Charleston Harbor

The Northern military also wanted redemption. Their impotence during the 1861 Fort Sumter crisis had deeply wounded the pride of many officers. If they could reduce Charleston like the Romans had reduced Carthage, so much the better.

NOTE:There are fascinating accounts as to the thinking of the time and everyday running of the war – the exchanges between the opposing Generals at Charleston Gillmore (Union) and General Beaureguard ( Confederacy) - they not only exchanged gunfire but letters,

General Beaureguard

General Beaureguard


It gives on pause to think this was happening in the midst of carnage . The bombardment of Chalreston caused international furor

http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/text/waro0047.txt

Gillmore was well aware of these attitudes and shared them. He also had a personal motive for firing on the city. His well-laid-out plan had gone awry. He had seen his army shattered on the sands of Morris Island and his own physical condition reduced as the campaign sapped his confidence and energy. Revenge, for the blood of his soldiers, his countrymen, and himself, was also an important factor in his construction and use of the Swamp Angel

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/batterywagner/battery-wagner-history-articles/the-swamp-angel.html

Back home in Ohio , in what was “Charleston Village/ Black River Fanny Gillmore ( daughter of Alanson Gillmore ) later to marry Captain Thomas Wilford was receiving letters from those who were fighting and her brother Byron Gillmore makes mention of General Gillmore in his letters home fanny gilmore  wilford
http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2008/02/12/capt-wilford-a-hero-of-the-inland-seas/ was receiving letters from those young men locally who were fighting http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2011/04/13/civil-war-letters-fannie-gilmore-lorain/ and her brother Byron Gillmore makes mention of General Gillmore in his letters home. You can find the PDF file of some of the letters written from the Plain Dealer article of 1961 commemorating the 100th anniversary of the start of the Civil War Civil War Letters to a Young Lady, Fanny McQueen Gillmore, by F

Byron Gillmore Dec 12th 1862 Lexington Kentucky
… The report was that there was 20 thousand rebels up at Big Hill about 50 miles from here…. I hope it is so and they will come and attact for there has got to be some fighting done and we might as well do it now as any other time and then we could see whether General Gillmore would fight or not. It is my opinion that he would fight as long as there was a man left. He is not only brave but he understands his business about as well as the next one

October 9, 2014 at 5:12 pm Leave a comment

General(ly) Gillmore- The Civil War- Part 8

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/
Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/
Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/
Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/
Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/
Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/
Part Sevenhttp://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/general-ly-gillmore-the-portraits-of-men-part-7/

ED NOTE: Most of this posts research and photos ( where not indicated otherwise) are due the diligent work of historian Matt Weisman.

Matt Weisman

Matt Weisman

Matthew Weisman has been doing research and collecting Lorain County History for more than 30 years. Over the years, he has created many local presentations around the early history of this area. He has specialized in early ship building on the Black River and other topics of local interest. The programs listed above are ones that he presents to local and interested groups. Matthew is a long time member of the Lorain Historical Society, Association of Great Lakes Historians and many other local and national organizations. He is a co-author of Lorain – The Real Photo Post Cards of Willis Leiter

Matt has graciously shared his work for these posts and Lorain and Loraine are very grateful. You can contact Matt for programs found here Local History Presentations by Matthew Weisman or by calling 440-365-4523

Quincy Adams Gillmore
left Black River/ Charleston Village/ Black River to attend West Point. His application for West Point was recommended by Representative Root.
**** NOTE: Representative Hamlin mentioned in newspaper account died and Representative Root succeeded him)
Seemingly his appointment was a surprise to his parents who believed him to be studying medicine
elyria democrat, gillmore

Application to west pointres

It was at West Point , in 1846, the young Quincy Gillmore supposedly wrote the poem Erie as seen in Part 5” but according to the newspaper article it was the publication of this poem from high school which drew him to the attention of certain powers that be.*** apparently according to the Elyria Democrat was published in the Ohio Atlas**** ( Did he reprise the poem at West Point???? in 1846)
poem

He spent his youth working on his father’s farm and attended school only during the winter months. By the age of seventeen, Gillmore was teaching school. He began to study medicine in his free time until he received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1845. He ranked first in his class when he graduated in 1849″

In 1849, Gillmore joined the Corps of Engineers and helped plan the fortifications of Hampton Roads, Virginia. In 1852, he returned to West Point as an instructor of practical military engineering. At West Point, Gillmore conducted research on the effects of cannon projectiles on masonry forts. His research assisted him during the American Civil War. In 1856, he was transferred to New York City, where he was the army’s chief engineer in the region. He held this position until the beginning of the Civil War.
Gillmore before his tent

http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Quincy_Gillmore

Here was our Quincy Adams Gillmore – at the age of 36 at the start of the Civil War 1861 -

Gillmore before his tent II

In August 1861, Gillmore sought a battlefield position. Salmon Chase recommended that Ohio Governor William Dennison offer Gillmore command of one of Ohio’s volunteer infantry regiments. Dennison agreed, but Gillmore refused the offer. Later that year, Gillmore was assigned to accompany General Thomas W. Sherman’s expedition against the coastal regions of South Carolina. Gillmore was responsible for constructing defenses for the territory that Union forces seized.

Gen Gillmore at Camp

Sherman then sailed for Savannah, which was guarded by Fort Pulaski

In amongst the artifacts from Peggy was a National Park Service handbook dated 1954 Fort Pulaski – National Monument by Ralton B Lattimore .Page 28 finds the article Gillmore Sets the Stage - It is well-worn and had to have been read many times over , they are the only pages loosened in the handbook – I wonder how many times Peggy and the family read the description of her famous cousin. I wonder what those first Gillmore pioneers in 1718 would have thought if they had known how the their family had been involved in the birth of a nation?

probable  photo  of Quartus and Elizabeth Reid Gillmore

probable photo of Quartus and Elizabeth Reid Gillmore


I can only imagine the pride of Elizabeth and Quartus in their son from “farmer to Brigadier General” what they would have thought as they read of his exploits in the newspapers of the day.

“A brilliant member of the Corps of Engineers , described by newspaper correspondent Whitelaw Reid ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitelaw_Reid ) ” a quick-speaking. quick-moving, soldierly man… a fine, wholesome looking, solid si-footer, with big head, broad , good humored face, and a high forehead faintly elongated by a suspicion of baldness, curly brown hair and beard and a frank open face. His greatest attribute as a soldier was a fearless disregard for tradition…..”

Click on to enlarge
gilpul1

gilpul3
gillpul2
Gillmore’s plan for the bombardmentpulmap1

All pages from the 1954 handbook courtesy of the National Park Service
http://www.nationalparkservice.org/

To Be Continued………….

October 6, 2014 at 4:35 pm 2 comments

October 3rd- family fingerprints- Chris Ritchey

chrisart collage

October 3rd , the day you last spent with us here at home in Lorain. You never came home again. There are still days when I wait to see you walk through the door or come into Nikki’s kitchen after being out on your four-wheeler.

There are days where I can’t believe any of this happened , there are days that even you seem unreal. And then , even though I have seen your work hundreds of times, used your art work and graphics to tell the story of you I am brought to my knees.

by Chris Ritchey

by Chris Ritchey

How can I have missed the subtle inclusion, where was my focus – I thought I knew every fold , every nuance of that piece of work- you won a Cleveland Addy award for that poster. I have looked at it so many times. I marveled at the story told with your graphics. Then just a few days ago, whilst scrolling down through the posts, on this blog my eye caught something I hadn’t seen before . I went back to the artwork and looked closely
there in the bottom right hand corner was your thumb printthumbprinrest
and in the opposite corner on the pages that you used in the work to remind of the blowing papers from that September 11th day of destruction the cover of your US passport passport
I know how strongly you felt about the attack on September 11th and your pride in being an American. I wanted so much to ask you why the “thumb print” and yet somehow I believe it was a reminder that you were here you existed and left your mark . Even though others have forgotten you or have dismissed you from their lives – you are still speaking through your work even if the voice is soft and almost silent.

Once again I am amazed by who you were and are – I love you with all of what is left of my heart ………

October 2, 2014 at 6:31 pm Leave a comment

General (ly) Gillmore- the portraits of men- Part 7

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Part One http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/general-quincy-a-gillmore-the-dining-room-dilemna/

Part Two http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/08/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years/

Part Three http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/13/generally-gillmore-lorain-the-early-years-pt-3/

Part Four http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/17/generally-gillmore-lorain-part-4/

Part Five http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/23/general-ly-gillmore-lorain-civil-war-part-5/

Part Six http://thatwoman.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/general-lygillmore-recogniton-lorain-pt-6/

I feel all at sea when it comes to deciphering the Gillmores, Peggy left clues and enough information to tantalize but then?????????

In part five I questioned the identity as to the man on the far right as indeed being our General Quincy Adams Gillmore-

Gillmore Family

I am still hoping to find out for sure. Looking at the man to the left – the man designated as Cornelius Reid Gillmore – Quartus’s son -the resemblance to Quartus’s brother Alanson is uncanny- my thoughts are is this just an extremely strong family resemblance between uncle (Alanson) and nephew or could this be Quartus brother ( 15 years his junior) – does this look to be the photo of a 20 year old- Cornelius Reid???? more questions than answers – hints and then nothing!

alanson gilmore old
pegtinres

alanson
Alanson

Alanson Gillmore’s Obituary February 1895 from the original newspaper cutting from Peggy’s file Click on to enlarge
AGillmore Obitres
Aobit2res
You can find more information and another obituary here

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=66881156

Alanson, however had a son Simon A Gillmore – it was his lovely little house that I first saw across from the park ( which I now know was donated by General Gilmore’s sister Sophia Gillmore Leslie to the city of Lorain) and what is now the Antlers “parking lot” when I came, as a bride myself, to Lorain. I remember thinking how pretty the house was only to see it was torn down weeks later
simon houseres In the same faded envelope another photo of a another home. Was this the home on the corner owned by the Gillmores that is now where the Antlers Hotel apartment building stands or possibly the house next to that another of the Gilmores (124)? Who are the people on this front porch, the lady in the rocking chair, the man on the steps and the rather dapper young lady at the rail? What did they do who were they? We will probably never know- there is no writing- as there is on the back of the Simon Gillmore House- stating what it is and where.
other gillmores
other gillmores1 But what we do know of Simon Gillmore, who owned that pretty house I so liked across from the park his Aunt Sophia donated to the city, was married to a Celia Frances Chapman aka Celia F Gillmore .

Gillmoresimonplot

Simon was a ship’s captain and sailed the Great Lakes . He received his Masters certificate for steam – 1st of May 1897Simon's pilot license

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Gillmore&GSiman=1&GScid=40715&GRid=64519308&

And so we have Generals, ship builders, and captains all eking a living out of this village / town Black River/ Charleston/Lorain.

Much wheeling and dealing had gone on in this community – from Page 213 of Lorain County History It seems Quartus Gillmore tried his hand at land speculation and sold off swathes of it . The land speculation, due to the fact the canal and railroad would be located here, found John S Reid and Quartus selling off the land … From Page 213 of The History of Lorain County

. General Quincy Adams Gillmore, would have been around 11 or 12 when the Ohio Railroad scheme fell through. Can imagine the euphoria in the farm house ( now Lakeview Park) as the word of riches and easier times were discussed around the dinner table and the let down when it all went bust. But that didn’t stop the Gillmores they continued to add to this community and a young man named Quincy Adams Gillmore entered West Point just 8 years later at the age of 20.

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two
three
fourfive

To Be Continued

September 30, 2014 at 12:04 am Leave a comment

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